The essential answer to this question rests on the essential knowledge about brains: They all work just about the same way in terms of taking in a vast variety of sensual stimuli (called, information when speaking about learning) and processing it through almost infinite neuronal connections before, and after, the stimuli reach the places where "storage" most likely takes place. An example is easily understoood when one "sees" an accident, say between two automobiles. One can easily recognize that movement, color, noise, climate conditions, and emotions, among other possible factors are involved. And, these factors become the source of a multitude of stimuli that the brain begins processing practically immediately. The first entry of the accident into the brain is most likely through the eyes, although there may have been precursors that were processed by other regions of the brain: Sound of squealing tires and horns going to the audio cortex. The weather will have, already, been processed by the brain even involving the emotional center, the limbic system. Anyone can imagine the possibilities of this sort of thing.

Central to the information processing of this hypothetical incident is the concept of the episode, a term that reflects the type of memory that underlies all of the processes mentioned above. It is called, episodic memory, and is the most powerful of a human's memory capabilities. Should a person, having seen such an accident, relate this at a later time to another person, that person's episodic memory would begin to flood his/her consciousness and the person might, for example, compare one tale with a personal incident that was immediately recalled upon hearing some of the details of this hypothetical event/episode. (The event is the accident, itself; the episode is the entirety of the factors mentioned above, plus all other possible factors depending on the experiences of the witness to the accident.

Given that learning requires input of one kind or another to the brain, we offer the perspective that, once this information enters the brain, regardless the type of sensual transmission (oral, aural, touch, etc.), the human brain is going to go through the same sort of processing that was described, briefly, above. Learning "theory," that postulates a certain method or means of learning by human beings, must take into account this essential human characteristic. Episodic memory, then, which is critical to the connection of humans to their past, should be central to any pursuit of understanding how the brain's functions support any theory about learning or does not.

Several articles are listed below. We start with a few on episodic memory. You will find other references on this kind of memory plus summaries of other brain studies on my Research articles on the brain and memory  page.   Other brain study online reports, summaries and reflections can be found under the several categories listed below. Explore at will! And, LEARN!!

Episodic Memory  (Memory of events)

Brain Areas of Episodic Memory
    (Many areas are involved)

Context & Episodic Recall
    (Textuality of events)

Brain Materials

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